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  1. #1

    11 - 10 - 2009
    412






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    ; 2010-05-16 15:48

  2. #2

    11 - 10 - 2009
    412

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  3. #3

    11 - 10 - 2009
    412

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    communication skills . . . ɡ ѡ ѡ ӡ ɡ ɡ . ʡ ѡ



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    DSM-IV Diagnostic and Statistical Manual . :
    Pervasive Developmental Disorder (PDD) autism PDD-NOS (not otherwise specified) Aspergers syndrome Retts syndrome Childhood Disintegrative Disorder.
    ֡ . "" DSM-IV PDD-NOS "" . . ʡ .



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    TEACCH:
    Treatment and Education of Autistic and Related Communication Handicapped Children ( ). ɡ Division TEACCH Eric Schopler Gary Mesibov . ߡ ɡ . 5-7 ɡ .


    Fast forward: () . Paula Tallal 30 1996 " Science" . . . . " Scientific Learning" Fast Forward ɡ . .


    AIT) Auditory Integration Training ):
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    Facilitated Communication:
    ѡ ɡ ѡ ѡ . ɡ .


    Sensory Integration Therapy: ( ڡ ѡ ӡ ) . . . . "" .


    Secretin:: . . : ǡ ǡ . ( ʿ) ̡ . ǡ 1999( ) 9 ʡ . ɡ . ɡ . ̡ "" ̡ ѡ . ̡ ̡ 300 9 ѡ ... ѡ .


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  4. #4

    11 - 10 - 2009
    412







    - - -
    .. * ..
    * :
    : .
    .


    1- : Disorder or Disturbance (1)
    , . Differentiation [ 1 557 ] .
    2- : Diminution
    : . ( ) . [ 2 984 ] .
    . [ 465] .
    3- : Deficiency
    . . : . [ 537 ] . . [ 1 560] .
    4- : Impotence or Feebleness
    [ 467] . [ 9- 203/206] . . . . [ 9 88/90] .
    . . .
    5- : Retardation
    . . . . . [ 1 260] . . [ - 1- 495] .
    6- : Delaying
    . [ 8] . . . . . [ 1 260 ] .
    7- : Deficiency
    . . [ 606] . . . [ 414].


    8 : Disorder
    . [ - 1 262] . . . [ 188] .
    9 : Abnormality
    . [ 333] . . . . .
    .. :
    : Handicapping
    [ 2 661] . .
    . . [ 538]
    . .
    Normal . . (1) .
    Autism
    Behavioral Disorder
    (1) :
    1- : .
    2- : 20 10.000 .
    3- : Brain.
    4- : .
    5- : .
    6- : .
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    7- : 7/1 .
    7/2 .
    7/3 .
    7/4 Aggressive .
    8- : .
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    Downs Syndrome ( Mongolism ) ( ) .
    * :
    .. Spectrum () .
    .
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    Genetic ( ) / .
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    * :
    1/ Autism Diagnosis .
    2/ :
    2/1 .
    2/2 .
    2/3 .
    3/ .
    4/ :
    4/1 .
    4/2 .
    4/3 .
    4/4 .
    4/5 .
    5/ :
    5/1 .
    5/2 .
    5/3 .
    6/ :
    6/1 - .
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    * :
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    - :
    1- : Communcation
    . .
    2- : Social Interaction
    . . .
    3- : Sensational Impairment
    . .
    4- : Playing Responses
    Imaginary .
    5- : Behavior Styles
    Excess .
    . .
    .
    .
    :
    5/1- ( ) Attachment Disorder .
    5/2- .
    5/3 .
    5/4- .
    5/5 .
    5/6 .
    5/7- .
    5/8 .
    5/9 Lonelness & Segregation .
    5/10- Belongingness .
    5/11- .
    5/12- .
    5/13- Attachment .
    5/14- .
    5/15- .
    . .
    .
    * :
    : .. .. .. .
    25- 30% Epilepsy .
    * :
    :
    1- Elective Mutism .
    2- Attachment Disorder .
    3- Developmental Language Disorder : .
    4- Mental Handicap : .
    5- Autism Like : Atypical Hutism . Aspergers Syndrome .
    6- :
    6/1- Retts Syndrome ʡ .
    6/2- Disintegrative Disorder .
    6/3 Hyperkinetic Disorders with Sterotypies .
    6/4- Landau Kleffner Syndrome :
    * :
    .
    :
    1/ .
    2/ .
    3/ .
    4/ .
    5/ .
    6/ .
    * :
    (1) :
    : Psychogenic :
    1943 " " .
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    : Biological :
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    1/1 Genetic
    Fragile x Syndrome .
    Phenyl ketonuria (PKU) .
    Tuberous Sclerosis - .
    Neurofibromatosis .
    1/2 Viral Infections
    Congential Rubelia . .
    Congential Cytomegalevirus .
    Herpes Encephalitis .
    1/3 ****bolic
    Abnormalities of Purine ****bolism .
    Abnormalities of Corbohydrate ****bolism .
    1/4 Congential Anomaly Syndromes :
    - .
    - .
    - .
    - .
    - .
    - .
    - .
    * :
    - : 2-3 % ϡ .
    - : Twins
    - Identical .
    - Unidentical .
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    Pregnancy Delivery
    :
    - 35 .
    - : .
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    - .
    - .
    - Rhesus .


    :
    .

  5. #5

    11 - 10 - 2009
    412




    (1) :

    :
    - Social Relations .
    - Language Abilities .
    - Repetitive Obsessional Behavior

    : :
    " " Leo Kanner 1943 " " Leon Eisenberg . :
    1/ .
    2/ .
    3/ .
    4/ Eye Contact .
    5/ .
    6/ .
    7/ .
    8/ Emotions and Relationships .
    9/ Understanding other Peoples Thoughts . . .


    : :
    :
    1- Preverbal Communication
    Jaint Ottention behavior .
    2- Non Verbal Communication
    .
    3- Difficulties in Speech
    . .
    :
    3/1 Echolalia
    . . 3 .

    3/2 ****phorical Language
    . . .
    3/3 Neologisms
    .
    3/4 Pronoun Reversal
    .
    3/5 Language Systems
    :
    3/5/1- Phonetics : .
    3/5/2 Vocabulary ( ) . . .
    3/5/3 Syntax . .
    3/5/4 Semantics . .
    3/5/5- . .
    : Repetitive obsessional behaviour
    . .
    .
    .
    .



    .. :
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    1- :
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    1/1 .
    1/2 . .
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    5- :
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    6- Sign Language
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    8- Integration or Unification
    Sensory Integration (1) [ ] .
    . .
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    :
    . (1) .
    :
    - .
    - .
    - ( B b + ) .
    1- :
    Paul Shattock ****bolic disorder .
    Peptide Gluten ( Casien ) . .
    . .
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    2- Secreten
    " " Warner 2000 . " " Secreten & Serenaid (1) " " 3 "" 3 . .
    3- :
    Rimland . " " 1987 B b ( 30 300 ) ( 350 500 ) 30% - 50% : .


    (1) :
    1- .
    2- .
    3- .
    Special Education At Risk Development . .
    .
    .
    Early Intervention Functional Prevention Strutegys . Primitive .
    :
    :
    1- : Infant .
    2- : Toddler 36 .
    3- : ( ) Preschool Child 3 5-6 .

    :
    (1) :
    1- .
    2- .
    3- (2) .
    :
    Sefect Infirmity or Impotence (1) .
    .
    Compensation Education .
    Social Special Education Social Cognition Transactional Process " "(1) Sandows 1990.
    (2) .
    1- .
    2- / .
    3- Integration .
    4- .
    5- .
    6- .


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    (1) :
    Positive . .
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    Individnal Needs . .
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  6. #6

    11 - 10 - 2009
    412

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  7. #7

    11 - 10 - 2009
    412

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  1. : 8
    : 2012-07-10, 11:03
  2. ahlamthani :
    : 6
    : 2012-03-21, 21:39
  3. ,, ..
    *** :
    : 18
    : 2012-01-22, 00:27
  4. : 25
    : 2011-08-06, 11:28

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