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How to Make Macarons
Posted by Robyn Lee
, October 24, 2007 at 4:45 PM
My friend Lisa making passionfruit macarons at Jacques Torres Chocolate Haven.
I'm ashamed to admit that while I have eaten many macarons, I've never made them on my own.
Thankfully, plenty of other people much more skilled in the culinary arts than I am have bravely attempted to make macarons in their home kitchens and have shared their results on that massive virtual brain called the Internet. I'm going to list the most promising recipes I found while aggressively sifting through the web and, from those, pool together a list of tips and tricks for optimum macaron creation. All that info follows after the jump.
Clement's recipe at A La Cuisine
was the most often cited recipe I found while searching through blogs. It also differed from almost every other recipe I found due to giving measurements in volume rather than weight. I would assume that weight is the more accurate way to go, but many have successfully reproduced his recipe. To the best of my ability, I converted his measurements from volume to weight and compared them to other recipes I found below
to give you a basic macaron cookie recipe.
Basic Macaron Cookie
Steps adapted from A La Cuisine. Ingredients adapted from A La Cuisine, Chubby Hubby, Veronica's Test Kitchen, Ladurée and Yochana's Pierre Hermé recipe.
The number of cookies the recipe makes depends on how large you form your cookies. Most recipes failed to give an estimate. If I had to make an educated guess I'd say you could make 30-50 macaron sandwiches with this recipe.
225 grams icing sugar
125 grams ground almonds
110 grams egg whites (about 4), aged overnight at room temperature
30 grams granulated sugar
Pinch of salt
On three pieces of parchment, use a pencil to draw 1-inch (2.5 cm) circles about 2 inches apart. Flip each sheet over and place each sheet on a baking sheet. [Note: You only have to draw circles on the parchment paper if you want absolutely even-sized macarons. If you're skilled with piping and don't mind eyeballing the amount of batter per cookie, skip this step.]
Push almond flour through a tamis or sieve, and sift icing sugar. Mix the almonds and icing sugar in a bowl and set aside. If the mixture is not dry, spread on a baking sheet, and heat in oven at the lowest setting until dry.
In a large clean, dry bowl whip egg whites with salt on medium speed until foamy. Increase the speed to high and gradually add granulated sugar. Continue to whip to stiff peaks—the whites should be firm and shiny.
With a flexible spatula, gently fold in icing sugar mixture into egg whites until completely incorporated. The mixture should be shiny and 'flow like magma.' When small peaks dissolve to a flat surface, stop mixing.
Fit a piping bag with a 3/8-inch (1 cm) round tip. Pipe the batter onto the baking sheets, in the previously drawn circles. Tap the underside of the baking sheet to remove air bubbles. Let dry at room temperature for 1 or 2 hours to allow skins to form.
Bake, in a 160C/325F oven for 10 to 11 minutes. Use a wooden spoon to keep the oven door slightly ajar, and rotate the baking sheet after 5 minutes for even baking.
Remove macarons from oven and transfer parchment to a cooling rack. When cool, slide a metal offset spatula or pairing knife underneath the macaron to remove from parchment.
Pair macarons of similar size, and pipe about 1/2 tsp of the filling onto one of the macarons. Sandwich macarons, and refrigerate to allow flavors to blend together. Bring back to room temperature before serving.
Bittersweet Chocolate Cream Ganache
Adapted from Chocolate Desserts by Pierre Herme by Dorie Greenspan.
- makes about 2 cups (550 grams) -
8 ounces (230 grams) bittersweet chocolate, preferably Valrhona Guanaja, finely chopped
1 cup (250 grams) heavy cream
4 tablespoons (2 ounces; 60 grams) unsalted butter, at room temperature
Place the chocolate in a bowl that's large enough to hold the ingredients and keep it close at hand. Bring the cream to a full boil in a heavy-bottomed saucepan. While the cream is coming to the boil, work the butter with a rubber spatula until it is very soft and creamy. Keep the butter aside for the moment.
While the cream is at the boil, remove the pan from the heat and, working with the rubber spatula, gently stir the cream into the chocolate. Start stirring in the center of the mixture and work your way out in widening concentric circles. Continue to stir—without creating bubbles—until the chocolate is completely melted and the mixture is smooth. Leave the bowl on the counter for a minute or two to cool the mixture down a little before adding the butter.
Add the butter to the mixture in two additions, mixing with the spatula from the center of the mixture out in widening concentric circles. When the butter is fully incorporated, the ganache should be smooth and glossy. depending on what you're making with the ganache, you can use it now, leave it on the counter to set to a spreadable or pipeable consistency (a process that could take over an hour, depending on your room's temperature) or chill it in the refrigerator, stirring now and then. (If the ganache chills too much and becomes too firm, you can give it a very quick zap in the microwave to bring it back to the desired consistency, or just let it stand at room temperature.)
Finished macarons filled with passion fruit-flavored white chocolate ganache.
More Macaron Recipes
A La Cuisine
(Matcha-chestnut, caramel-fleur de sel, and toasted sesame macarons )
(Caramel fleur de sel macarons)
(Chocolate macarons with chocolate or prune filling)
(Pierre Hermeés rose macarons)
Kitchen Musings (Basic macaron batter)
La Cuisine de Mercotte
- A variety of recipes in French that, even though I can't read, I have a sense work out well.
La Tartine Gourmand
(Cardamom, wattles seeds macarons with orange filling, and matcha tea and chocolate macarons)
(Espresso toffee macarons)
(Lemon macarons. Also read Lucas Hollweg's associated article, Man vs Macaron
The Traveler's Lunchbox
(Salted caramel and blood orange curd macarons)
Yochana's Cake Delight
(Pierre Hermé's chocolate macaron recipe)
A Few Tips
Sift your ingredients
, multiple times if necessary. You want your ground nuts to be powdery. No lumps!
Almond and icing sugar mixture may be pulsed in a food processor to make finer.
Use old egg whites.
No really, leave them out for three days at room temperature if you don't mind waiting for that long. Using fresh egg whites is more likely to result in macarons that are too fragile and flat. Read Veronica's Test Kitchen
for more info.
Cooked Italian meringue
may be used instead of the uncooked French one. Read Foodbeam's recipe
to learn how to make it.
The final macaron batter should have the consistency of magma
. What's the consistency of magma? Not too liquidy, nor too stiff. If you form a peak, it should slowly and completely sink back into the batter.
If the cookies form peaks on their tops after piping, flatten them with a wet fingertip.
Although many recipes call for it, letting the batter sit after piping may not be necessary. David Lebovitz
didn't think this was an important step.
Prevent your macarons from burning by using a double layered baking sheet
(stack two sheets on top of each other) and by propping the oven door open with a wooden spoon
for the entire baking period or halfway through the baking period (depending on how large the macarons are or what recipe you're using).
To make it easier to remove the macarons from the parchment paper after baking, pour a little bit of water underneath the paper
. After a while the steam will have loosened the macarons.
Let the macarons rest for a day
before you eat them. They're supposed to taste better with a bit of rest. This might be the hardest rule to follow.